Some 3,000 golden and precious items were found in a burial mound in the remote Tarbagatai mountains.
The treasure trove – described as ‘priceless’ – is believed to belong to royal or elite members of the Saka people who held sway in central Asia eight centuries before the birth of Christ.
Among the finds are earrings in the shape of bells, gold plates with rivets, plaques, chains, and a necklace with precious stones.
Gold beads decorating clothes were made with the use of sophisticated micro-soldering techniques, indicating an exceptional level of development jewellery-making skills for the period.
Archeologists expect to find the remains of the prestigious couple, the owners of the glittering treasures – but they have not yet dug open their graves.
Professor Zainolla Samashev, in charge of the excavations, said: ‘AA?largeA?number of valuable finds in this burial mound let us believe a man and a woman are buried here – the reigning persons or people who belonged to the elite of Saka society.’
Head of the East-Kazakhstan region Danial Akhmetov said: ‘This find gives us a completely different view of the history of our people.’
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‘We are the heirs of the great people and great technologies,’ he said.
There are some 200 burial mounds on the Eleke Sazy plateau where these treasures were found but many were robbed in ancient times.
The plateau with rich pastures around was seen as a ‘paradise’ by the Saka kings.
The first jewellery was extracted here two years ago, although in the time of Russian ruler Peter the Great some treasure was removed.
Despite this, experts believe they will find more remains with gold treasures of the Saka people.
‘There are a lot of burial mounds here and the prospects are very large,’ said leading Kazakh archeologist Yerben Oralbai.
The Saka people were a branch of the Sythians – a sophisticated nomadic civilisation in central Asia stretching into Siberia. They spoke languages linked to Iranian.